The system of caste is said to have originated in India though the exact origin of caste system cannot be traced. Ancient Indian legal texts, such as Manusmṛti (ca. 4194 words (17 pages) Essay . In the caste system of India, traditional social classes, or varnas, are arranged in a hierarchy. Dec 14,2020 - Test: Terms, Concepts And Their Use In Sociology | 10 Questions MCQ Test has questions of Humanities/Arts preparation. Caste system 1. Varna system is extensively discussed in Dharma-shastras. Where Varna system is the textual model of Indian social system, Jati is the contextual view of it. VARNA SYSTEM. According to P.v. The Varna system prevalent during the Vedic period was mainly based on division of labour and occupation. class refers to people based on property, business, occupation i.e. Competitive Exams sociology notes on varna and jatis in India. A Jati found in one area of India may not be found in another area. However, the genesis of Varna system in Nepal can be traced more accurately from the reign of King Jayasthiti Malla in the contest of Kathmandu Valley and with the introduction of the Muluki Ain (Old Legal Code) of 1854 in the context of Nepal as a whole. The Varna system forms the basic structure of Hindu society. "Caste" is the term used todescribe the complex system ofsocial divisions that pervades lifein India. What is a “caste”? The Jati chain is different in each area. The sociologists have tried to perceive the complex facts of the caste system in terms of Varna. According to Dr. Muzumdar, the caste system took its birth after the arrival of Aryans in India. Join now. The three classes, Brahma, Kshatra and Vis are frequently mentioned in the Rig Veda. Racial Theory o According to Dr. Majumdar, the caste system took its birth after the arrival of Aryans in India. Ask your question. 0. The Rigveda portrays the classes as coming forth from, respectively, the mouth, arms, thighs, and feet of the primeval person. Jati . Competitive Exams: Main Features of Caste System Varna & Jati. The caste system in India is closely connected with the Hindu philosophy, religion, custom, and convention. Secular criteria are found in Jati system. The main difference between Jati and Varna is in the number. The caste system in India consists of two different concepts namely Jati and Varna.. Caste is an ancienthereditary system that developedalongside and becameintertwined with Hinduism. According to Varna, caste appears as an immutable system where the place of each caste is fixed for all the time. Brahmin is . Vamas are 4. Aahuti, Varna System and Class Struggle in Nepal, Nepal, Samata Foundation, 2014, 266 p., Traduit du népalais par Mahesh Raj Maharjan and Kiran Darnal, ISBN : 9789937837286. Ask your question. In India only a small percentage of the population who comprise of the educated elites, and numerically insignificant people, desire that the caste system should be abolished. The records of Indo Aryan Culture contain its first mention. Social stratification is found in all societies but it is difficult to find one as systematic as the Indian Varna system. Introduction . In order to maintain their separate existence the Indo-Aiyans used for certain groups and orders of people the favourite word ‘varna’, ‘colour’. Its skeletal structure was formed during the early days of the… Some people left out of these four caste classifications were called “outcasts” or “untouchables” and were shunned and ostracized. Theories of origin of Caste System in India 1.Traditional Theory. 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